Many wheat fields are nearing the 4-5 leaf stage. Weather, varietal disease resistance levels, and the type of crop residue in the field are important factors to consider when determining the potential for disease development and whether a fungicide application is needed.
The majority of Minnesota farmers this spring were waiting for the rains to stop so they could get into the fields to plant. The NW corner of Minnesota was in a complete opposite mode with planting accomplished relatively on time and farmers then looking to the skies for rain to get the crop up and going.
It is that time of year when the range of field conditions puts us in a bind as to what to hope for regarding rain. The northwest corner of the state has been deficient in rain while the southern end of the valley has had field activity hampered by frequent showers.
Alfalfa growth has progressed slowly with our cool spring weather. Cool temperatures have slowed the development of alfalfa weevil, as well. These conditions are a good example of how Growing Degree Day modeling can help plan field activities and avoid unnecessary field scouting.
Cause Unexpected Yield Losses
Even if the sprayer has been "rinsed out" with water the addition of surfactants or liquid fertilizers to the next tank load may cause previous residues to re-dissolve. Therefore the following pointers, along with information specified on the product label should be used to minimize the risk of contamination.
Iowa’s 2008 Farm Custom Rate Survey was published in March and already needs updating because of increasing fuel prices, says William Edwards, the extension economist who conducted the survey.